Note: the original hard copy of this report is 20 pages .

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The outcomes of community legal education: a systematic review, Justice issues paper 18   

, 2014 Community legal education (CLE) has been conducted in NSW for the last 30 years. It aims to raise awareness among community members about the law and legal processes, and improve their ability to deal with the legal system. But CLE programs and strategies vary widely. So what do we know about the effectiveness of CLE? Researchers Ania Wilczynski, Maria Karras and Suzie Forell from the Law and Justice Foundation of New South Wales report on a systematic review in this new paper.


Appendix 2: Reports appraised and excluded from the systematic review


Studies assessed and excluded on the study inclusion criteria (see Methodology)

ACON 2010, Same-sex law reform community education project: project evaluation report, Sydney.

Barry, MM, Camp, AR, Johnson, ME, Klein, CF & Martin, LV 2012, ‘Teaching social justice lawyering: systematically including community legal education in law school clinics’, Clinical Law Review, vol. 18, no. Spring, pp. 401-457.

Bayer, PJ, Bernheim, BD & Scholz, JK 2009, ‘The effects of financial education in the workplace: evidence from a survey of employers’, Economic Inquiry, vol. 47, no. 4, October, pp. 605-624.

Broad, G & Hagerty, A 2004, Just between you and me: a peer public legal education and information programme for women in family violence situations: final report, Department of Justice Canada, Ottawa, <http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/pi/rs/rep-rap/2004/rr04_5/rr04_5.pdf>.

Dimopoulos, M 2010, Implementing legal empowerment strategies to prevent domestic violence in new and emerging communities, Issues paper, no. 20, Australian Domestic & Family Violence Clearinghouse, Sydney, <http://www.austdvclearinghouse.unsw.edu.au/PDF%20files/IssuesPaper_20.pdf>.

Eagly, IV 1998, ‘Community education: creating a new vision of legal services practice’, Clinical Law Review, vol. 4, pp. 433-484.

Edgerton, N & Partridge, E 2006, The economic value of community legal centres, Institute of Sustainable Futures, UTS, Sydney, <http://www.isf.uts.edu.au/publications/edgertonpartridge2006economicvalue.pdf>.

Ferrari, M & Costi, A 2012, ‘Legal aid: learnings from community legal education’, Alternative Law Journal, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 52-53.

Jesso, D & Tutty, L 2005, Evaluation of training to address family violence and the older adult: final report for the Action Group on Elder Abuse, RESOLVE Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, <http://www.ucalgary.ca/resolve/reports/2005/2005-01.pdf>.

Mandelbaum, R 2010, ‘“Aging out: don’t miss out”: a model of community legal education’, Family Court Review, vol. 48, no. 2, April, pp. 338-361.

Public Interest Advocacy Centre Ltd 2007, Law for non-lawyers: evaluation report, Sydney.

Randell, S 2003, Awareness raising on court rules relating to domestic violence in Vanuatu: report on an AusAID Human Rights Project awarded to SR International and Associates and Vanuatu Association of Women Graduates, Blackstone Publishing, Port Vila, Vanuatu, <http://www.shirleyrandell.com.au/ftp/dvpcocolour.pdf>.

Scott, M & Havas, B 2011, Environmental Defenders Office evaluation: final report, WestWood Spice, Sydney.

Whitworth, JD & Abell, TFC 2002, ‘Children caught in the conflict: are court-endorsed divorce-parenting education programs effective?’, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, vol. 37, no. 3/4.

Women’s Legal Resources Centre 2001, Legal Access Project: partnership between Gilbert and Tobin and Women’s Legal Resources Centre: final report and evaluation, Sydney.

World Bank Justice for the Poor Program 2006, Baseline survey: Pilot Program of Revitalization of Legal Aid in Indonesia (RLA), <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/06/22/000090341_20070622093732/Rendered/PDF/399590RLA0Base1tive0Report01PUBLIC1.pdf>.

Reports excluded from the review on appropriateness of the methodology for assessing ‘effectiveness’

Asian Development Bank 2009, Legal empowerment for women and disadvantaged groups: final report, Mandaluyong City, Phillipines, <http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/Legal-Empowerment.pdf>.

Citizens Advice 2006, Front-line Financial Capability Project report, London.

Clancy, M, Grinstein-Weiss, M & Schreiner, M 2001, Financial education and savings outcomes in individual development accounts, Washington University in St. Louis, Center for Social Development, St. Louis, MO, <http://128.118.178.162/eps/hew/papers/0108/0108001.pdf>.

Cross, W & Cerulli, C 2007, ‘The impact of continuing education training on law guardian knowledge, efficacy, and practice behaviors’, Family Court Review, vol. 45, no. 1, January, pp. 92-102.

ECOTEC 2006, Evaluation of the Citizens Advice National Financial Capability Project: a final report to Citizens Advice and Prudential PLC, Citizens Advice, Birmingham.

Elveris, I 2010, Legal education in an unlikely spot: Istanbul prisons, Unpublished.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 2007, A longitudinal evaluation of the intermediate-term impact of the Money Smart Financial Education Curriculum upon consumers’ behavior and confidence, <http://www.fdic.gov/consumers/consumer/moneysmart/pubs/ms070424.pdf>.

Ferrari, M & Costi, A 2011, Shepparton sessions for newly arrived communities: evaluation report, Community Legal Education Program Victoria Legal Aid, Melbourne, <http://www.legalaid.vic.gov.au/3971.htm#shepparton_sessions>.

Focus Consultants 2011, An evaluation of the Immigrant PLEI Consortium (IPC) project: final report, Ministry of Attorney General, <http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/public/IPCFinalReport.pdf>.

Gray, R 2009, Review of the Older Persons Legal and Education Program: report to the Chief Executive Officer Legal Aid NSW, Legal Aid NSW, Herne Gray and Associates Pty Ltd, Sydney, <http://www.legalaid.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0012/5421/oplsr.pdf>.

Iris Research 2009, Legal Aid NSW Civil Law Client Survey 2008: management report, Legal Aid NSW, Sydney.

Kempson, E & Collard, S 2010, Money Guidance Pathfinder: a report to the FSA, Consumer Financial Education Body (CFEB), Personal Finance Research Centre University of Bristol, <http://www.bristol.ac.uk/geography/research/pfrc/themes/advice/money-guidance-pathfinder.html>.

Liu, G & Calzaroni, C 2011, Access to justice: Community Legal Education Center, Hurights Osaka, Osaka, <http://www.hurights.or.jp/archives/asia-pacific/section1/2%20Ginney%20Liu%20and%20Clemence%20Calzaroni.pdf>.

McClure, TE 2002, ‘Postjudgment conflict and cooperation following court-connected parent education’, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, vol. 38, no. 1-2.

Mori, I 2008, Evaluation of the Save Xmas awareness campaign: prepared for the Office of Fair Trading, Office of Fair Trading, London, <http://www.oft.gov.uk/shared_oft/savexmas/oft1029.pdf>.

Mori, I 2010, Evaluation of the Save Xmas Campaign year 2: prepared for the Office of Fair Trading, Office of Fair Trading, London.

National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) 2008, Citizens Advice Financial Skills for Life: an evaluation report on the bureaux and forum grants programme of 2007, Citizens Advice, London.

New Economics Foundation (NEF) 2008, The socio-economic value of law centres, Law Centres UK, London, <http://www.lawforlife.org.uk/data/files/nef-socio-economic-benefits-of-law-centres-129.pdf>.

Rocket Science UK 2011, East of England Financial Capability and Inclusion Project: final report of evaluation.

Ross, N & Cox, K 2001, Debt and family breakdown: project report, Consumer Credit Legal Centre (NSW) Inc., Sydney.

Russell, R, Bailey, D, Wall, L & Brooks, R 2011, MoneyMinded summary report: featuring a case study of Mission Australia’s Financial Literacy Program for youth at-risk, ANZ, Mission Australia & RMIT University, <http://www.anz.com/resources/c/b/cb9ea0804692672e97cd9fff59dc78ef/Money+Minded+Summary+Report+2010-FINAL.pdf?CACHEID=cb9ea0804692672e97cd9fff59dc78ef>.

Southwark Law Centre 2007, Report on the work of the Possession Prevention Project April 2004- April 2007, <http://www.lawforlife.org.uk/data/files/possession-prevention-project-2007-8.pdf>.

Tippet, J & Kluvers, R 2007, ‘A practical evaluation of and adult financial literacy programme’, International Review of Business Research Papers, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 442-455.

van Tongeren, I & Staggs, B 2010, Understanding money matters: a credit and debt project for culturally and linguistically diverse communities: report on the first stage October 2010, Redfern Legal Centre, Sydney.

Westwood Spice 2009, Evaluation of Artists in the Black Education Program (AITB), Arts Law Centre of Australia, Sydney, <http://www.artslaw.com.au/images/uploads/ALCA_AITB_Eval_Report%20_final%2017Feb09%281%29.pdf>.

Whitworth, JD & Abell, TFC 2002, ‘Children caught in the conflict: are court-endorsed divorce-parenting education programs effective?’, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, vol. 37, no. 3/4.

Widdowson, B 2009, Citizens Advice Financial Inclusion Fund Financial Capability Pilot: evaluation report, Citizens Advice, London.

WorkVentures Ltd 2006, Victims of domestic violence and sexual assault workshops: final report and evaluation, Sydney.