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A9: findings in context


Table A9.1: Disadvantaged status of residential areas, each jurisdiction

Jurisdiction
Population living in areas of high disadvantage
Population living in areas of high advantage
%
%
NSW
5.4
13.7
Victoria
3.6
5.7
Queensland
4.2
4.3
South Australia
9.7
1.1
Western Australia
2.8
6.1
Tasmania
14.6
0.3
Northern Territory
18.4
1.5
ACT
0.4
20.9
Australia
5.1
7.8

Note: Data were summarised from the ABS (2008c) publication on the SEIFA, using the Index of Relative Socio-Economic Advantage and Disadvantage. For the purposes of this table, an area of high disadvantage was defined as an area with a SEIFA score of less than 850, and an area of high advantage was defined as an area with a SEIFA score greater than 1150.

Figure A9.1: Prevalence of legal problems by jurisdiction



Note: N=20 716 respondents. c2=38.82, F7,144 629=5.35, p=0.000.

Figure A9.2: Cued recall of ALSs by jurisdiction



Note: N=348 Indigenous respondents for Australia. The Ns in each state/territory do not sum to the N for Australia due to weighting to correct for disproportionate sampling of states/territories in terms of Australian population proportions. In addition, weighting adjusted for the oversampling of Indigenous Victorians, resulting in 21 Indigenous Victorians in weighted numbers from the 128 interviews conducted with Indigenous Victorians (see Chapter 2, ‘Method’ section). c2=47.72, F6,123 225=6.55, p=0.000.

Figure A9.3: Cued recall of CLCs by jurisdiction



Note: N=20 716 respondents. c2=76.08, F7,144 622=10.451, p=0.000.

Figure A9.4: Cued recall of court services by jurisdiction



Note: N=20 716 respondents. c2=287.04, F7,144 615=39.37, p=0.000.

Figure A9.5: Cued recall of Legal Aid by jurisdiction



Note: N=20 716 respondents. c2=59.49, F7,144 619=8.13, p=0.000.

Figure A9.6: Strategy in response to legal problems by jurisdiction



Note: N=19 142 problems. The Ns in each state/territory do not sum to the N for Australia due to weighting to correct for disproportionate sampling of states/territories in terms of Australian population proportions. Data were missing for 246 problems for Australia. Taking action (i.e. sought advice or handled without advice versus took no action): c2=24.31, F=7,71 839=2.88, p=0.005. Seeking advice (i.e. sought advice versus handled without advice): c2=18.71, F7,63 025=2.24, p=0.028.

Figure A9.7: Use of legal advisers by jurisdiction



Note: N=9783 problems where sought advice. The Ns in each state/territory do not sum to the N for Australia due to weighting to correct for disproportionate sampling of states/territories in terms of Australian population proportions. c2=53.69, F7,72 123=6.04, p=0.000.

Figure A9.8: Finalisation status of legal problems by jurisdiction



Note: N=19 305 problems. The Ns in each state/territory do not sum to the N for Australia due to weighting to correct for disproportionate sampling of states/territories in terms of Australian population proportions. Data were missing for 82 problems for Australia. c2=38.17, F7,71 877=4.30, p=0.000.

Figure A9.9: Favourability of outcome of legal problems by jurisdiction



Note: N=11 853 finalised problems. The Ns in each state/territory do not sum to the N for Australia due to weighting to correct for disproportionate sampling of states/territories in terms of Australian population proportions. Data were missing for 474 problems for Australia. c2=13.02, F7,71 995=1.59, p=0.134.

Table A9.2: Regression results — prevalence of legal problems overall including state/territory as a predictor, Australia

VariableCategories compared
ß
SEpOdds ratio (95% CI)
FIXED EFFECTS
GenderFemale | male
–0.104
0.0290.0000.9(0.9–1.0)
Age15–17 | 65+
0.709
0.0830.0002.0(1.7–2.4)
18–24 | 65+
1.040
0.0640.0002.8(2.5–3.2)
25–34 | 65+
0.973
0.0590.0002.6(2.4–3.0)
35–44 | 65+
1.028
0.0580.0002.8(2.5–3.1)
45–54 | 65+
0.879
0.0570.0002.4(2.2–2.7)
55–64 | 65+
0.584
0.0580.0001.8(1.6–2.0)
Indigenous statusIndigenous | other
0.015
0.0890.8661.0(0.9–1.2)
Disability statusDisability | no disability
0.806
0.0400.0002.2(2.1–2.4)
Education<Year 12 | post-school
–0.420
0.0370.0000.7(0.6–0.7)
Year 12 | post-school
–0.308
0.0400.0000.7(0.7–0.8)
Employment statusUnemployed | other
0.446
0.0530.0001.6(1.4–1.7)
Family statusSingle parent | other
0.679
0.0600.0002.0(1.8–2.2)
Housing typeDisadvantaged | other
0.228
0.0620.0001.3(1.1–1.4)
Main incomeGovernment payment | other
–0.089
0.0420.0340.9(0.8–1.0)
Main languageNon-English | English
–0.423
0.0640.0000.7(0.6–0.7)
RemotenessRemote | major city
–0.178
0.0760.0190.8(0.7–1.0)
Regional | major city
–0.138
0.0380.0000.9(0.8–0.9)
State/territoryNSW | mean
–0.005
0.0330.8801.0(0.9–1.1)
Victoria | mean
–0.048
0.0320.1341.0(0.9–1.0)
Queensland | mean
0.017
0.0430.6931.0(0.9–1.1)
South Australia | mean
–0.120
0.0440.0060.9(0.8–1.0)
Western Australia | mean
0.070
0.0430.1041.1(1.0–1.2)
Tasmania | mean
0.030
0.0480.5321.0(0.9–1.1)
Northern Territory | mean
0.204
0.0510.0001.2(1.1–1.4)
ACT | mean
–0.148
0.0460.0010.9(0.8–0.9)
Constant
–0.665
0.0550.000
Note: N=20 585 respondents. Data were missing for 131 respondents. P values for significant comparisons are presented in bold.

Table A9.3: Regression results — strategy in response to legal problems — taking action including state/territory as a predictor, Australia

VariableCategories compared
ß
SEpOdds ratio (95% CI)
FIXED EFFECTS
Problem recency7+ months | ≤6 months
0.287
0.0400.0001.3(1.2–1.4)
Problem groupAccidents | mean
–0.531
0.0660.0000.6(0.5–0.7)
Consumer | mean
–0.094
0.0460.0410.9(0.8–1.0)
Credit/debt | mean
–0.328
0.0760.0000.7(0.6–0.8)
Crime | mean
–0.590
0.0460.0000.6(0.5–0.6)
Employment | mean
0.241
0.0860.0051.3(1.1–1.5)
Family | mean
0.796
0.1110.0002.2(1.8–2.8)
Government | mean
0.135
0.0660.0411.1(1.0–1.3)
Health | mean
–0.401
0.1050.0000.7(0.5–0.8)
Housing | mean
0.244
0.0660.0001.3(1.1–1.5)
Money | mean
0.957
0.1210.0002.6(2.1–3.3)
Personal injury | mean
–0.072
0.0750.3370.9(0.8–1.1)
Rights | mean
–0.357
0.0760.0000.7(0.6–0.8)
GenderFemale | male
0.341
0.0420.0001.4(1.3–1.5)
Age15–17 | 65+
0.058
0.1230.6371.1(0.8–1.3)
18–24 | 65+
0.228
0.0970.0191.3(1.0–1.5)
25–34 | 65+
0.337
0.0920.0001.4(1.2–1.7)
35–44 | 65+
0.362
0.0910.0001.4(1.2–1.7)
45–54 | 65+
0.309
0.0920.0011.4(1.1–1.6)
55–64 | 65+
0.165
0.0970.0891.2(1.0–1.4)
Indigenous statusIndigenous | other
–0.038
0.1090.7271.0(0.8–1.2)
Disability statusDisability | no disability
0.301
0.0530.0001.4(1.2–1.5)
Education<Year 12 | post-school
–0.360
0.0520.0000.7(0.6–0.8)
Year 12 | post-school
–0.183
0.0570.0010.8(0.7–0.9)
Employment statusUnemployed | other
–0.175
0.0620.0050.8(0.7–0.9)
Family statusSingle parent | other
–0.059
0.0720.4130.9(0.8–1.1)
Housing typeDisadvantaged | other
0.124
0.0790.1171.1(1.0–1.3)
Main incomeGovernment payment | other
0.013
0.0560.8161.0(0.9–1.1)
Main languageNon-English | English
–0.676
0.0880.0000.5(0.4–0.6)
RemotenessRemote | major city
0.035
0.1070.7441.0(0.8–1.3)
Regional | major city
0.086
0.0570.1311.1(1.0–1.2)
State/territoryNSW | mean
–0.027
0.0470.5661.0(0.9–1.1)
Victoria | mean
0.114
0.0470.0151.1(1.0–1.2)
Queensland | mean
0.167
0.0620.0071.2(1.0–1.3)
South Australia | mean
–0.067
0.0630.2880.9(0.8–1.1)
Western Australia | mean
0.031
0.0590.5991.0(0.9–1.2)
Tasmania | mean
–0.018
0.0720.8031.0(0.9–1.1)
Northern Territory | mean
–0.158
0.0710.0260.9(0.7–1.0)
ACT | mean
–0.043
0.0650.5081.0(0.8–1.1)
Constant
1.128
0.0930.000
RANDOM EFFECTS
Person
0.070
0.0120.000
Note: N=19 056 problems. Data were missing for 332 problems. P values for significant comparisons are presented in bold.

Table A9.4: Regression results — strategy in response to legal problems — seeking advice including state/territory as a predictor, Australia

VariableCategories compared
ß
SEpOdds ratio (95% CI)
FIXED EFFECTS
Problem recency7+ months | ≤6 months
0.470
0.0400.0001.6(1.5–1.7)
Problem groupAccidents | mean
0.587
0.0810.0001.8(1.5–2.1)
Consumer | mean
–1.839
0.0440.0000.2(0.1–0.2)
Credit/debt | mean
–0.967
0.0710.0000.4(0.3–0.4)
Crime | mean
0.974
0.0610.0002.6(2.4–3.0)
Employment | mean
0.163
0.0690.0181.2(1.0–1.3)
Family | mean
0.566
0.0850.0001.8(1.5–2.1)
Government | mean
–0.909
0.0540.0000.4(0.4–0.4)
Health | mean
0.311
0.1160.0071.4(1.1–1.7)
Housing | mean
–0.463
0.0520.0000.6(0.6–0.7)
Money | mean
0.030
0.0760.6931.0(0.9–1.2)
Personal injury | mean
1.404
0.1040.0004.1(3.3–5.0)
Rights | mean
0.143
0.0810.0771.2(1.0–1.4)
GenderFemale | male
0.148
0.0400.0001.2(1.1–1.3)
Age15–17 | 65+
–0.910
0.1340.0000.4(0.3–0.5)
18–24 | 65+
–0.502
0.0980.0000.6(0.5–0.7)
25–34 | 65+
–0.170
0.0890.0560.8(0.7–1.0)
35–44 | 65+
0.051
0.0890.5671.1(0.9–1.3)
45–54 | 65+
0.105
0.0890.2381.1(0.9–1.3)
55–64 | 65+
0.107
0.0930.2501.1(0.9–1.3)
Indigenous statusIndigenous | other
–0.165
0.1170.1580.8(0.7–1.1)
Disability statusDisability | no disability
0.202
0.0490.0001.2(1.1–1.3)
Education<Year 12 | post-school
–0.102
0.0520.0500.9(0.8–1.0)
Year 12 | post-school
–0.129
0.0550.0190.9(0.8–1.0)
Employment statusUnemployed | other
–0.255
0.0630.0000.8(0.7–0.9)
Family statusSingle parent | other
0.152
0.0720.0351.2(1.0–1.3)
Housing typeDisadvantaged | other
0.119
0.0760.1171.1(1.0–1.3)
Main incomeGovernment payment | other
0.058
0.0560.3001.1(0.9–1.2)
Main languageNon-English | English
–0.337
0.1080.0020.7(0.6–0.9)
RemotenessRemote | major city
–0.007
0.0980.9431.0(0.8–1.2)
Regional | major city
0.031
0.0530.5591.0(0.9–1.1)
State/territoryNSW | mean
0.001
0.0450.9821.0(0.9–1.1)
Victoria | mean
–0.056
0.0440.2030.9(0.9–1.0)
Queensland | mean
–0.015
0.0590.7991.0(0.9–1.1)
South Australia | mean
0.170
0.0640.0081.2(1.0–1.3)
Western Australia | mean
0.100
0.0610.1011.1(1.0–1.2)
Tasmania | mean
–0.069
0.0680.3100.9(0.8–1.1)
Northern Territory | mean
–0.029
0.0680.6701.0(0.9–1.1)
ACT | mean
–0.103
0.0620.0970.9(0.8–1.0)
Constant
0.670
0.0910.000
RANDOM EFFECTS
Person
0.029
0.0090.001
Note: N=15 579 problems where took action. Data were missing for 313 problems. P values for significant comparisons are presented in bold.

Table A9.5: Regression results — finalisation status of legal problems including state/territory as a predictor, Australia

VariableCategories compared
ß
SEpOdds ratio (95% CI)
FIXED EFFECTS
Problem recency7+ months | ≤6 months
0.201
0.0350.0001.2(1.1–1.3)
Problem groupAccidents | mean
1.444
0.0860.0004.2(3.6–5.0)
Consumer | mean
0.171
0.0400.0001.2(1.1–1.3)
Credit/debt | mean
–0.575
0.0640.0000.6(0.5–0.6)
Crime | mean
0.483
0.0450.0001.6(1.5–1.8)
Employment | mean
–0.010
0.0630.8741.0(0.9–1.1)
Family | mean
–0.911
0.0660.0000.4(0.4–0.5)
Government | mean
–0.453
0.0500.0000.6(0.6–0.7)
Health | mean
–0.033
0.0930.7231.0(0.8–1.2)
Housing | mean
–0.215
0.0480.0000.8(0.7–0.9)
Money | mean
–0.462
0.0650.0000.6(0.6–0.7)
Personal injury | mean
0.352
0.0650.0001.4(1.3–1.6)
Rights | mean
0.208
0.0700.0031.2(1.1–1.4)
StrategySought advice | took no action
–1.069
0.0520.0000.3(0.3–0.4)
Handled without advice | took no action
–0.552
0.0560.0000.6(0.5–0.6)
GenderFemale | male
–0.033
0.0360.3591.0(0.9–1.0)
Age15–17 | 65+
0.794
0.1200.0002.2(1.7–2.8)
18–24 | 65+
0.552
0.0850.0001.7(1.5–2.1)
25–34 | 65+
0.237
0.0770.0021.3(1.1–1.5)
35–44 | 65+
0.070
0.0760.3571.1(0.9–1.2)
45–54 | 65+
–0.080
0.0760.2930.9(0.8–1.1)
55–64 | 65+
–0.015
0.0810.8531.0(0.8–1.2)
Indigenous statusIndigenous | other
–0.177
0.1010.0800.8(0.7–1.0)
Disability statusDisability | no disability
–0.199
0.0420.0000.8(0.8–0.9)
Education<Year 12 | post-school
–0.113
0.0450.0120.9(0.8–1.0)
Year 12 | post-school
0.027
0.0490.5821.0(0.9–1.1)
Employment statusUnemployed | other
–0.016
0.0550.7711.0(0.9–1.1)
Family statusSingle parent | other
–0.155
0.0600.0100.9(0.8–1.0)
Housing typeDisadvantaged | other
–0.153
0.0650.0190.9(0.8–1.0)
Main incomeGovernment payment | other
–0.124
0.0490.0110.9(0.8–1.0)
Main languageNon-English | English
–0.309
0.0880.0000.7(0.6–0.9)
RemotenessRemote | major city
–0.062
0.0900.4910.9(0.8–1.1)
Regional | major city
–0.051
0.0470.2781.0(0.9–1.0)
State/territoryNSW | mean
–0.155
0.0390.0000.9(0.8–0.9)
Victoria | mean
0.003
0.0390.9391.0(0.9–1.1)
Queensland | mean
–0.069
0.0510.1760.9(0.8–1.0)
South Australia | mean
–0.040
0.0540.4591.0(0.9–1.1)
Western Australia | mean
0.066
0.0530.2131.1(1.0–1.2)
Tasmania | mean
0.096
0.0600.1101.1(1.0–1.2)
Northern Territory | mean
0.081
0.0610.1841.1(1.0–1.2)
 ACT | mean
0.016
0.0560.7751.0(0.9–1.1)
Constant
1.326
0.0870.000
RANDOM EFFECTS 
Person
0.051
0.0070.000
Note: N=19 047 problems. Data were missing for 341 problems. P values for significant comparisons are presented in bold.

Table A9.6: Regression results — favourability of outcome of legal problems including state/territory as a predictor, Australia

VariableCategories compared
ß
SEpOdds ratio (95% CI)
FIXED EFFECTS 
Problem groupAccidents | mean
0.631
0.0740.0001.9(1.6–2.2)
Consumer | mean
0.211
0.0490.0001.2(1.1–1.4)
Credit/debt | mean
–0.323
0.0890.0000.7(0.6–0.9)
Crime | mean
–0.451
0.0490.0000.6(0.6–0.7)
Employment | mean
–0.320
0.0770.0000.7(0.6–0.8)
Family | mean
0.225
0.1150.0501.3(1.0–1.6)
Government | mean
–0.409
0.0660.0000.7(0.6–0.8)
Health | mean
–0.357
0.1160.0020.7(0.6–0.9)
Housing | mean
0.401
0.0690.0001.5(1.3–1.7)
Money | mean
0.147
0.0980.1341.2(1.0–1.4)
Personal injury | mean
0.540
0.0870.0001.7(1.4–2.0)
Rights | mean
–0.294
0.0790.0000.7(0.6–0.9)
StrategySought advice | took no action
0.431
0.0520.0001.5(1.4–1.7)
Handled without advice | took no action
0.522
0.0570.0001.7(1.5–1.9)
GenderFemale | male
0.046
0.0430.2851.0(1.0–1.1)
Age15–17 | 65+
0.276
0.1350.0411.3(1.0–1.7)
18–24 | 65+
–0.085
0.1020.4050.9(0.8–1.1)
25–34 | 65+
–0.084
0.0990.3960.9(0.8–1.1)
35–44 | 65+
–0.030
0.0990.7621.0(0.8–1.2)
45–54 | 65+
0.002
0.1020.9841.0(0.8–1.2)
55–64 | 65+
–0.041
0.1050.6961.0(0.8–1.2)
Indigenous statusIndigenous | other
–0.014
0.1240.9101.0(0.8–1.3)
Disability statusDisability | no disability
–0.068
0.0530.1990.9(0.8–1.0)
Education<Year 12 | post-school
–0.063
0.0560.2610.9(0.8–1.0)
Year 12 | post-school
–0.007
0.0560.9011.0(0.9–1.1)
Employment statusUnemployed | other
–0.187
0.0630.0030.8(0.7–0.9)
Family statusSingle parent | other
0.123
0.0780.1151.1(1.0–1.3)
Housing typeDisadvantaged | other
–0.011
0.0840.8961.0(0.8–1.2)
Main incomeGovernment payment | other
0.058
0.0600.3341.1(0.9–1.2)
Main languageNon-English | English
0.102
0.1080.3451.1(0.9–1.4)
RemotenessRemote | major city
0.086
0.1080.4261.1(0.9–1.3)
Regional | major city
0.157
0.0580.0071.2(1.0–1.3)
State/territoryNSW | mean
–0.014
0.0490.7751.0(0.9–1.1)
Victoria | mean
0.024
0.0470.6101.0(0.9–1.1)
Queensland | mean
–0.074
0.0620.2330.9(0.8–1.0)
South Australia | mean
0.067
0.0660.3101.1(0.9–1.2)
Western Australia | mean
0.021
0.0610.7311.0(0.9–1.2)
Tasmania | mean
0.046
0.0740.5341.0(0.9–1.2)
Northern Territory | mean
–0.139
0.0720.0540.9(0.8–1.0)
ACT | mean
0.069
0.0660.2961.1(0.9–1.2)
Constant
0.341
0.1040.001
RANDOM EFFECTS
Person
0.048
0.0090.000
Note: N=11 800 finalised problems. Data were missing for 527 problems. P values for significant comparisons are presented in bold.

  


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