Campbelltown LGA is a 24.4 square kilometres area, 50 kilometres south-west of Sydney, that stretches from Sutherland in the east to Camden in the west (ABS 2006). In 2003, the ABS estimated the population in the Campbelltown LGA to be 150 483, approximately a 1 per cent increase on the 2000 estimate. The population density as of June 2004 was 480.3 per square kilometre, compared with only 8.4 persons per square kilometre for New South Wales.11
The unemployment rate in 2003 was 8.2 per cent, compared with 6 percent for New South Wales, and 30 495 people were receiving income support12
(20.3% of total population, compared with 22.2% for New South Wales). The average taxable income in this area in 2003 was $37 462, lower than the state average of $43 649. The higher unemployment rate and lower average income indicate that Campbelltown LGA, at least in 2003, was an area of relative disadvantage.