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The outcomes of community legal education: a systematic review, Justice issues paper 18  ( 2014 )  Cite this report

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Studies appraised and included in the systematic review of CLE

Ellis, D & Anderson, DY 2003, ‘The impact of participation in a parent education program for divorcing parents on the use of court resources: an evaluation study’, Conflict Resolution Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 2, Winter, pp. 169-187.

Fackrell, TA, Hawkins, AJ & Kay, NM 2011, ‘How effective are court-affiliated divorcing parents education programs? A meta-analytic study’, Family Court Review, vol. 49, no. 1, January, pp. 107-119.

Studies appraised and included in the review of health education

Barlow, J, Smailagic, N, Ferriter, M, Bennett, C & Jones, H 2010, Group-based parent-training programmes for improving emotional and behavioural adjustment in children from birth to three years old, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 3.

Blackwell, B, Bloomfield, SS & Buncher, CR 1972, ‘Demonstration to medical students of placebo responses and non-drug factors’, The Lancet, vol. 299, no. 7763, pp. 1279-1282.

Bryanton, J & Beck, CT 2009, ‘Postnatal parental education for optimizing infant general health and parent-infant relationships’, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1.

de Bes, J, Legierse, CM, Prinsen, CA & de Korte, J 2011, ‘Patient education in chronic skin diseases: a systematic review’, Acta Dermato Venereologica, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 12-17.

Deakin, TA, McShane, CE, Cade, JE & Williams, R 2005, Group based training for self-management strategies in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2.

Dorresteijn, J, Kriegsman, D, Assendelft, W & Valk, G 2012, Patient education for preventing diabetic foot ulceration, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 10.

Friedman, AJ, Cosby, R, Boyko, S, Hatton-Bauer, J & Turnbull, G 2011, ‘Effective teaching strategies and methods of delivery for patient education: a systematic review and practice guideline recommendations’, Journal of Cancer Care, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 12-21.

Gibson, PG, Powell, H, Wilson, A, Hensley, MJ, Abramson, MJ, Bauman, A, Walters, EH & Roberts, JJ 2009, ‘Limited (information only) patient education programs for adults with asthma’, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1.

Kaminski, JW, Valle, LA, Filene, JH & Boyle, CL 2008, ‘A meta-analytic review of components associated with parent training program effectiveness’, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol. 36, no. 4, May, pp. 567-589.

Kendrick, D, Coupland, C, Mason-Jones, AJ, Mulvaney, C, Simpson, J, Smith, S, Sutton, A & Watson, M 2009, Home safety education and the provision of safety equipment for injury prevention, The Cochrane Library, no. 7.

Lopez, LM, Hiller, JE & Grimes, DA 2010, Education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth (review), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 5.

Lopez, LM, Hiller, JE & Grimes, DA 2010, Postpartum education for contraception: a systematic review, Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, vol. 65, no. 5,

Warsi, A, La Valley, MP, Wang, PS, Avorn, J & Solomon, DH 2003, ‘Arthritis self-management education programs: a meta-analysis of the effect on pain and disability’, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 2207-2213.

Wofford, JL, Wells, MD & Singh, S 2008, Best strategies for patient education about anticoagulation with warfarin: a systematic review, BMC Health Services Research, vol. 8, p. 40.

Yankah, E & Aggleton, P 2008, ‘Effects and effectiveness of life skills education for HIV prevention in young people’, AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 465-485.

Young, K, Bunn, F, Trivedi, D & Dickinson, A 2011, Nutritional education for community dwelling older people: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials, International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 48, no. 6, June, pp. 751-780.

Other references cited

Allmark, P, Baxter, S, Goyder, E, Guillaume, L & Crofton-Martin, G 2013, Assessing the health benefits of advice services: using research evidence and logic model methods to explore complex pathways, Health and Social Care in the Community, vol. 21, no. 1, January, pp. 59-68.

Asian Development Bank 2009, Legal empowerment for women and disadvantaged groups: final report, Mandaluyong City, Phillipines.

Atkinson, A 2008, Evidence of impact: an overview of financial education evaluations, Consumer Research, no. 68, Financial Services Authority, Personal Finance Research Centre University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Australian Securities & Investments Commission 2011, National financial literacy strategy, Report, no. 229.

Barry, MM, Camp, AR, Johnson, ME, Klein, CF & Martin, LV 2012, ‘Teaching social justice lawyering: systematically including community legal education in law school clinics’, Clinical Law Review, vol. 18, no. Spring, pp. 401-457.

Braunstein, S & Welch, C 2002, Financial literacy: an overview of practice, research, and policy, Federal Reserve Bulletin, November, pp. 445-457.

Buck, A & Curran, L 2009, ‘Delivery of advice to marginalised and vulnerable groups: the need for innovative approaches’, Public Space: the Journal of Law and Social Justice, vol. 3, pp. 1-29.

Buck, A, Pleasence, P & Balmer, N 2008, ‘Do citizens know how to deal with legal issues? Some empirical insights’, Journal of Social Policy, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 661-681.

Bushfire Legal Help & Soraghan, K 2010, Legal assistance and community recovery after the 2009 Victorian bushfires: the Bushfire Legal Help response, Victoria Legal Aid, Melbourne.

Clarke, S & Forell, S 2007, Pathways to justice: the role of non-legal services, Justice issues, no. 1, Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, Sydney, .

Cohl, K & Thomson, G 2008, Connecting across language and distance: linguistic and rural access to legal information and services, Law Foundation of Ontario, Toronto.

Combined Community Legal Centres Group NSW 2004, Your guide to community legal education, 2nd edn., Sydney.

Community Development & Legal Education Working Group 2010, Community legal education made easy: a kit for anyone working in community legal education, Second edn, Federation of Community Legal Centres Victoria.

Coumarelos, C, Macourt, D, People, J, McDonald, HM, Wei, Z, Iriana, R & Ramsey, S 2012, Legal Australia-Wide Survey: legal need in New South Wales, Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, Sydney.

Council of Australian Governments 2010, National Partnership Agreement on Legal Assistance Services, COAG, Canberra.

Cox, K 2002, ‘The role of a specialist legal centre in community education’, Bulletin of Good Practice in Popular Education, no. 6, pp. 95-103.

Denniss, R, Fear, J & Milane, E 2012, Justice for all: giving Australians greater access to the legal system, Institute paper, no. 8, Australia Institute, Canberra.

Elveris, I 2010, Legal education in an unlikely spot: Istanbul prisons, Unpublished.

Fergus, L 2012, Prevention of violence against women and girls: background paper, Expert Meeting, Prevention of Violence Against Women and Girls, Bangkok, 17-20 September, 2012, p. 60.

Ferrari, M & Costi, A 2011, Shepparton sessions for newly arrived communities: evaluation report, Community Legal Education Program Victoria Legal Aid, Melbourne.

Forell, S & Gray, A 2009, Outreach legal services to people with complex needs: what works?, Justice issues, no 12, Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, Sydney.

Forell, S, Laufer, M & Digiusto, E 2011, Legal assistance by video conferencing: what is known?, Justice issues, no. 15, Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, Sydney.

Fraser, K 2011, Prevention is better than cure: can education prevent refugees’ legal problems?, Victoria Law Foundation, Footscray Community Legal Centre, Melbourne.

Gander, LE 2003, ‘The changing face of public legal education in Canada’, Canadian Forum on Civil Justice Newsletter, vol. 6, p. 4.

Hathaway, I & Khatiwada, S 2008, Do financial education programs work?, Working paper, no. 08-03, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio.

Joanna Briggs Institute 2008, Joanna Briggs Institute reviewers’ manual, 2008 edn, Adelaide.

Legal Aid Queensland 2011, Community legal education strategy, Brisbane.

Legal Services Society of British Columbia 2007, PLE review: reflections and recommendations on public legal education delivery in BC, Vancouver.

Lyons, AC, Palmer, L, Jayaratne, KSU & Scherpf, E 2006, Are we making the grade? A National overview of financial education and program evaluation, Journal of Consumer Affairs, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 208-235.

McClure, TE 2002, ‘Postjudgment conflict and cooperation following court-connected parent education’, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, vol. 38, no. 1-2.A.

Morgan & P Homel, 2013, ‘Evaluating crime prevention: lessons from large-scale community crime prevention programs’, Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice, no. 458, Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra.

PLEAS Task Force 2007, Developing capable citizens: the role of public legal education, Public Legal Education and Support Task Force, London.

Renouf, G 2002, Good practice in consumer education for Indigenous people: a consultation paper, Australian Securities and Investments Commission, Sydney.

Shea, B, Hamel, C, Wells, G, Bouter, L, Kristjansson, E, Grimshaw, J, Henry, D & Boers, M 2009, AMSTAR is a reliable and valid measurement tool to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 62, no. 10, October, pp. 1013-1020,

Southwark Law Centre 2007, Report on the work of the Possession Prevention Project April 2004-April 2007, London.

Young, K, Bunn, F, Trivedi, D & Dickinson, A 2011, Nutritional education for community dwelling older people: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials, International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 48, no. 6, June, pp. 751-780.


Wilczynski, A, Karras, M & Forell, S 2014, The outcomes of community legal education: a systematic review, Justice issues paper 18, Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, Sydney.