Walgett LGA is a 22 336 square kilometres area, located in the North-Western region of New South Wales, 690 kilometres from Sydney. It stretches from Brewarrina in the east to Moree Plains in the west (ABS 2006). In 2003, the ABS estimated the population in the Walgett LGA to be 8201, approximately a 3 per cent decrease on the 2000 estimate. The population density as of June 2004 was 0.4 per square kilometre, compared with 8.4 persons per square kilometre for New South Wales.11
The unemployment rate in 2003 was 12.3 per cent, compared with 6 percent for New South Wales, and 2856 people were receiving income support12
(34.8% of total population) compared with 22.2 per cent of New South Wales (ABS 2006). The average taxable income in this area in 2003 was $32 939, much lower than the state average of $43 649. In combination, these figures indicate that Walgett LGA was, in 2003, an area of relative disadvantage.